In a sudden announcement after 8pm on Friday May 31, 2019, the President made the anticipated decision that India was to be removed from the Generalized System of Preferences (“GSP”), effective June 5, 2019. The statement issued by the White House claims that the President had “determined that India has not assured the United States that India will provide equitable and reasonable access to its markets.” The end of the GSP eligibility and removal of India’s developing country status comes after holding that status for approximately 30 years and is a deepening indication of the U.S.’s increased protectionist stance in the global trade environment. To see our full post on India losing its GSP status, click here. Continue Reading June Trade Law Update: Presidential Actions
The Department of Commerce published its opportunity to request annual review of Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Orders with anniversary months in July.
The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) announced on June 19, 2019 an exclusion process for product exclusions from the tariffs on $200 billion of Chinese products (“List 3”). The exclusion process will open at noon (EDT) on June 30, 2019.
The exclusion process for List 3 will be slightly different from the process involved for the List 1 and 2 exclusions. USTR is opening a portal at http://exclusions.USTR.gov/ for requestors to file exclusion requests and interested parties to comment on them. Among other information, the questions in the exclusion request form will require data on the company’s gross revenues, percentage of total gross sales for which the requested product accounted, and the amount of sourcing of the product from domestic or third-country suppliers. Continue Reading USTR Initiates Section 301 List 3 Exclusion Process
On June 6, 2019, Petitioner Kyocera Senco Industrial Tools, Inc. filed a petition for the imposition of antidumping and countervailing duties on imports of Certain Collated Steel Staples from Korea, the People’s Republic of China, and Taiwan. Continue Reading Petition Summary: Certain Collated Steel Staples from Korea, the People’s Republic of China, and Taiwan
Ironically, during the current China/U.S. tariff turmoil, the Ministry of Transport (MOT), Peoples Republic of China’s (PRC’s) is leading the deregulatory trend in ocean shipping as applicable to Non-vessel Operating Common Carriers (“NVOCCs”). The MOT has quietly deregulated burdensome registration application procedures for Non-vessel Operating Common Carriers (“NVOCCs”) from on or about February 27, 2019. The MOT has dropped formal application registration and insurance requirements for all NVOCCs, including U.S. NVOCCs. It is our understanding that as of now the prior registration certificates issued by MOT have no regulatory function or value. Currently, the requirements for registering NVOCCs has been substantially simplified as noted below. Until now, without the aforementioned Certificate U.S. NVOCCs could not issue their house bills in the U.S./China trade lanes without risk of substantial sanctions and penalties. However, also note that the NVOCC requirement by the Shanghai Exchange for filing rate ranges remains in place.
Court of International Trade
Summary of Decisions
On May 1, 2019, the CIT sustained Commerce’s remand redetermination results following a countervailing duty investigation for certain hot-rolled steel flat products from the Republic of Korea. The court reviewed two issues on remand, Commerce’s selection of the highest calculated AFA rate and Commerce’s corroboration. Concerning the first issued on the selection of the AFA rate, the CIT found that Plaintiff POSCO did not exhaust its administrative remedies. The second issue presented was whether or not the selected 1.05% AFA rate was corroborated based upon substantial evidence and whether Commerce’s selection of a non-de-minimis AFA rate was appropriate because it was a rate calculated for a cooperating Korean company in another countervailing duty proceeding for a similar program.
On May 2, 2019, in the case of garage door openers that were redesigned to avoid infringement on a registered patent, the CIT denied the ITC’s motion for a stay pending appeal based on the grounds that the ITC did not meet its burden for a stay. A stay of the preliminary injunction and all other proceedings in this matter was not warranted as: (1) the ITC has not demonstrated a “strong showing” of likelihood of success on the merits, (2) the ITC has not demonstrated that it will be irreparably injured absent a stay in this action, (3) the issuance of a stay would substantially injure another party, the Plaintiff, and (4) the public interest is neutral. For those reasons, the CIT denied the ITC’s motion for a stay. Continue Reading May Trade Law Update: Court Decisions
U.S. International Trade Commission
Section 701/731 Proceedings
- Steel Trailer Wheels from the People’s Republic of China: On May 2, 2019, the ITC released the schedule of the final phase of Countervailing Duty and Antidumping Duty Investigations.
- Fresh Tomatoes from Mexico: On May 14, 2019, the ITC announced that it would terminate its review of the subject merchandise since there is no longer a suspension agreement in place.
- Steel Wheels from the People’s Republic of China: On May 17, 2019, the ITC announced its final determinations in the Antidumping Duty and Countervailing Duty investigations and found that the importation of steel wheels has caused material injury to a U.S. industry.
- Laminated Woven Sacks from Vietnam: On May 30, 2019, the ITC announced its final determinations in the Antidumping Duty and Countervailing Duty investigations and found that the importation of the subject merchandise has caused material injury to a U.S. industry.
- Glycine from India: On May 1, 2019, Commerce released its final determinations for both the Antidumping Duty and Countervailing Duty Investigation.
- Glycine from the People’s Republic of China: On May 1, 2019, Commerce released its final affirmative Countervailing Duty determination.
- Glycine from Japan: On May 1, 2019, Commerce issued its final Antidumping Duty determination.
- Large Diameter Welded Pipe: On May 2, 2019, Commerce issued an amended final affirmative antidumping determination and antidumping duty order to the following countries: Greece
- Republic of Korea
- Certain Quartz Surface Products from the People’s Republic of China: On May 23, 2019, Commerce released both the final affirmative Countervailing Duty and final affirmative Antidumping Duty determinations.
On May 8, 2019, USTR released its federal register notice on the tariff increase for the third tranche (List 3) Section 301 tariffs on China. The duty rate on the estimated $200 billion worth of Chinese products will increase from 10% to 25% effective 12:01am ET on Friday, May 10, 2019. The notice also announces that an exclusion process will be instituted for these products in a separate notice.
The rate increase to 25% means that entries of goods
- entered for consumption, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after 12:01 a.m. eastern daylight time on May 10, 2019, and
- exported to the United States on or after May 10, 2019 will now be subject to an additional tariff of 25%. Entries must be subject to both qualifiers-meaning that if a shipment has been exported prior to May 10, 2019 it will still be subject to the 10% duty rate. However, if the shipment is exported after 12:01am ET on May 10 the 25% duty rate will apply. To see our full post, click here.
On May 28, 2019, Commerce published in the Federal Register a notice of proposed action and modification of regulations regarding the benefit and specificity in Countervailing Duty Proceedings to address the issue of currency undervaluation in CVD proceedings. The new regulation will authorize the use of countervailing duties on imports of goods from countries that “undervalue” their currency relative to the U.S. dollar. While this is still a proposed rule, interested parties may comment on this modification no later than June 27, 2019. Continue Reading Commerce Proposes New Rule to Address Countervailability of Currency Undervaluation