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On December 29, 2021, Ventura Coastal LLC (“Ventura Coastal” or “Petitioner”), filed a petition for the imposition of antidumping duties on imports of lemon juice from South Africa and Brazil.

Scope of the Investigation

The merchandise covered by this investigation is lemon juice for further manufacture, with or without addition of preservatives, sugar, or other sweeteners, regardless of the GPL (grams per liter of citric acid) level of concentration, brix level, brix/acid ratio, pulp content, clarity, grade, horticulture method (e.g., organic or not), processed form (e.g., frozen or not-from-concentrate), FDA standard of identity (as defined under 19 C.F.R. § 146.114 et seq.), the size of the container in which packed, or the method of packing. The scope also includes lemon juice that is blended with lemon juice from sources not subject to the investigation. Only the subject component of such blended merchandise is covered by the scope of the investigation. Blended lemon juice is defined as two or more distinct lemon juice products with differing country(s) of origin mixed together to form a singular lemon juice product where the component parts are no longer individually distinguishable.

Excluded from the scope are: (1) Lemon juice at any level of concentration packed in retail-sized containers ready for sale to consumers, typically at a level of concentration of 48 GPL; and (2) beverage products such as lemonade that typically contain 20% or less lemon juice as an ingredient.

The lemon juice subject to this investigation orders is currently classifiable under subheadings 2009.31.4000, 2009.31.6020, 2009.31.6040, 2009.39.6020, and 2009.39.6040 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (“HTSUS”). Although the HTSUS subheadings are provided for convenience and customs purposes, the written description of the scope of these investigations is dispositive.


Ventura Coastal, LLC
2325 Vista Del Mar Drive
Ventura, CA 93001
Contact: William Borgers
Telephone: +1 (805) 653-7030
Fax: +1 (805)-652-1174

Counsel for Petitioners 

Barnes, Richardson & Colburn LLP
Matthew T. McGrath, Esq.
Mert E. Arkan, Esq.
David B. Sessions, Esq.
1850 M St NW
Suite 1060
Washington, D.C. 20036
(202) 438-0070

Named Producers/Exporters

Louis Dreyfus Company Brasil S.A.
Av. Brg. Faria Lima, 1355
Jardim Paulistano, São Paulo, 01452-002
Telephone: +55 11 3039-6700

Citrus Juice Eireli
Rod. Cezário José de Castilho, Km 474,5
Itajobi, Sao Paulo
Telephone: +55 17 3546-9200

South Africa
Cape Fruit Processors Pty. Ltd.
3 New Eskdale Street
Paarl, 7646
Telephone: +27 21 863 0341

Venco Fruit Processors Pty. Ltd.
Remainder of Farm Commando Kraal 113
Sunland Road (R336)
Addo, 6105
Telephone: +27 42 233 0438

Named Importers

For a list of importers alleged by Petitioner, please see Attachment I.

Period of Investigation

October 1, 2020 to September 30, 2021

Estimated Schedule


Event Earliest Date
Petition Filed December 29, 2021
DOC Initiation January 18, 2022
ITC Preliminary Investigation:
Questionnaires Due January 12, 2022
Request to appear at hearing January 17, 2022
Hearing January 19, 2022
Briefs January 24, 2022
ITC Vote February 14, 2022
DOC Investigation Schedule:
DOC Preliminary Antidumping Determination June 7, 2022
DOC Preliminary Countervailing Determination March 24, 2022
DOC Final Countervailing Determination June 7, 2022
ITC Final Investigation:
ITC Final AD Determination October 5, 2022
ITC Final CVD Determination July 22, 2022

Alleged Dumping Margins

Brazil: 555.22%
South Africa: 128.61%

Volume and Value of Imports

2018 2019 2020

2020 YTD


2021 YTD




Quantity(L) 35,591,159 27,301,622 23,402,359 10,975,004 31,383,397 66,925,939
Value ($) 20,158,525 17,186,675 11,872,121 4,675,455 14,486,884 36,785,733
AUV ($/L) .566 .629 .507 .426 .462 .549
South Africa
Quantity(L) 13,485,091 7,437,113 18,658,762 14,653,150 24,420,160 31,095,700
Value ($) 7,744,487 4,042,953 8,761,105 7,179,326 9,134,686 11,147,278
AUV ($/L) .574 .544 .469 .489 .374 .358

Contact Us

For more information concerning this petition and how it may affect your business, please contact Jeffrey NeeleyNithya Nagarajan, or Stephen Brophy.